Disincrustation of facial skin in cosmetology: methods, indications and contraindications
Dezinkrustatsiya, or galvanic face cleaning - a method in which a constant electric current of a small force is carried out a deep cleansing of the skin.
It is easy to remove comedones - the formation, which are formed due to blockage of pores with stoppers, consisting of a mixture of sebum, dead cells and microorganisms. There are open and closed comedones. Open ones look like black dots , their contents communicate with the environment, and closed ones - white dots, located deep and not communicating with the outside world.
Comedones not only have a non-aesthetic appearance, but they also become inflamed with time, because the skin fat and dead cells are a wonderful environment for the habitat and reproduction of microorganisms. Thus there are ugly pimples , which, depending on the depth of the process, can leave behind scars. In this regard, with comedones need to fight, and dezinkrustatsiya - a great way for such a fight.
This procedure can be carried out even with sensitive skin. Depending on the type of skin, the beautician prescribes the optimal mode of carrying out the disincrustation for a particular person. The effect is visible after the first procedure, and if you spend it with a certain periodicity, you can forget about the problem skin forever.
Who needs a desincrustation?
This cosmetic procedure, like any other, has its own indications and contraindications. Conduct it at:
- fatty skin type;
- a large number of comedones on the face;
- acne ( youthful acne );
- seborrhea - increased secretion of fat by sebaceous glands.
There are diseases in which galvanic cleaning is contraindicated. These include:
- vitiligo - a disease characterized by the disappearance of pigmentation in certain areas of the epidermis;
- molluscum contagiosum - an infectious disease caused by a virus and found mainly in children;
- malignant neoplasms.
If the patient has a pacemaker, he is strictly forbidden to perform this procedure, since the electric current affects the work of the stimulant and can seriously damage the patient's health.
If a person has gold or platinum prostheses, he too can not go through this procedure because the current is knocking out ions from metals, and these ions can damage health.
What is the principle of the action of galvanic current on the epidermis?
In order to clean the pores, removing the fat from them, the pores need to be expanded, and the fat is desirable to dissolve, so it is much easier to remove. Fats, or triglycerides, can react with alkali, forming soaps that are easily washed off the surface of the skin.
When carrying out the disincrustation, special alkaline solutions, called disinstructants, are used. Under the influence of electric current, ions are released from this solution, which interact with fats, causing their saponification.
In addition, under the influence of the electrodes, the pores are opened, which further improves their purification, and normalizes the release of fat from the skin, thereby reducing the risk of developing black spots and acne in the future.
Galvanic cleaning helps not only to clean the pores, but also slightly tightens the skin, makes it more elastic. This effect is obtained due to the tonic effect of the galvanic current on the vessels.
Under the influence of the current loosened the upper layer of cells, thereby obtaining a good peeling, and the face after the procedure seems whiter, fresh and healthier.
How is skin cleansing with disinconstruction?
The whole process of purification can be divided into several stages:
- Along the negatively charged electrode (cathode), alkaline ions are accumulated, charged with the sign "+", and penetrate into the dermis, where they react with fats, forming soaps with them. At the same time the pH of the skin changes toward more alkaline.
- Membranes of cells under the action of ions become more permeable to different molecules, and these molecules begin to move from cells to intercellular substance and vice versa.
- Water begins to pull molecules along to the cathode. This effect helps to improve the flow of blood and lymph to the epidermis, thereby expanding the pores and easier to clean. If the cathode and anode (positively charged electrode) are interchanged, blood and lymph outflow from the face will occur, and the pores will narrow.
How is this procedure carried out?
This cosmetic procedure is absolutely painless and takes 15-20 minutes. At the same time, it may seem from the outside that nothing is happening, because while the disincrustation is carried out, the patient is simply conveniently located in the armchair, holding one in his hand from the electrodes.
For starters, the beautician cleans the face of surface contaminants with a cotton pad. Then he puts a napkin moistened with a disinfectant solution on his face and processes it with a cathode, the anode at that time is in the patient's hand. After that, the beautician changes the electrodes in places and again treats the face in order to narrow the pores . All the saponified fat and other contaminants are cleaned with a normal napkin and this ends the procedure.
When treating the skin, special attention is paid to the so-called T-zone - forehead, nose and chin. It is in these areas is most of all the sebaceous glands, because there are often pimples and black dots. If necessary, you can clean up other areas of the body - back, décolleté zone, etc. It all depends on the skin's characteristics and the patient's desire.
As a solution-disinstructant, a 10% aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate or baking soda is most often used.
To conduct the procedure is recommended several courses with a certain periodicity. An important advantage of disinfestation, among other things, is that it can be combined with other facial cleansing procedures and various cosmetic products, which will help achieve better results in the struggle for beautiful clean skin.