What to do if you have follicular hyperkeratosis - prevention and treatment of the disease
Follicular hyperkeratosis is known in the people as "goosebumps". An unhealthy appearance of the skin is caused by a disease of the epidermis. Mistakenly it is compared with the inflammatory process of the skin, known as acne. Hyperkeratosis has an external resemblance to cellulite, localized on the buttocks and thighs.
Disease of the upper layer of the skin is a serious cosmetic problem that can ruin the life not only for young girls, but for older people. The cause of its occurrence is the increased keratinization of the upper layer of the epidermis, which does not have time to separate in time. As a result, the hair follicle is covered with horny scales, under which sebaceous gland secretions accumulate. Expanding, dermal secretions glue scales, the skin under them inflames and there is its reddening and coarsening.
Hyperkeratosis occurs for various reasons. It can be hereditary, but, more often, the disease is provoked by external factors, such as drying gels for the shower or soap. The most difficult to treat skin problems associated with a deficiency in the body of a separate group of vitamins (A, D, C).
Lack of vitamins
If the body lacks the vitamin C group, the skin condition deteriorates sharply, as ascorbic acid promotes the production of collagen, which gives them and blood vessels elasticity. With a lack of collagen, the vessels become brittle, their destruction occurs, which is expressed in hemorrhages (bruises and red dots). The skin becomes covered with wrinkles, there are areas of irritation and peeling.
When there is a deficiency in the body of vitamin A, the process of renewal of the skin is slowed down, the formation of new cells slows or stops, the skin becomes flabby, dry, rough. The hair follicle does not receive adequate nutrition, it forms "dead" cells that cause inflammation.
Vitamin D has such properties as providing nutrition to the bone system and skin. It increases immunity, stimulates the work of the muscular system and intestines, improves the functioning of the thyroid gland and helps purify the blood from toxins. The normal functioning of the kidneys depends on the vitamin, the skin condition is controlled, since it prevents the excessive multiplication of epidermal cells.
Symptoms of hyperkeratosis may also appear after taking hormonal medications or contraceptives . In young women under the influence of hormonal drugs, cell renewal accelerates, which greatly strengthens the formation of keratosis. The result can be dryness and the manifestation of "goosebumps".
Stress and malnutrition
Nervous exhaustion, stress, overfatigue lead to an imbalance in the work of the whole organism, overrun of B vitamins. This affects the skin condition, it becomes dry, dull, wrinkled, and has a gray unhealthy shade. Touching it causes an unpleasant sensation.
Nutritionists believe that the causes of the acute course of hyperkeratosis may be associated with an improper diet that disrupts the body's internal balance. If the gastrointestinal tract suffers from a dysbiosis, then this causes a lack of vitamin B, which in turn causes dryness of the skin.
Prevention and treatment
According to experts, skin hyperkeratosis does not lend itself to complete cure. But, the inflammatory process in the follicles can be prevented or reduced. To do this, it is necessary to maintain the skin in a healthy state, do not expose it to excessive irritations: exposure to sunlight , cold, using a coarse scrub.
Mechanical cleaning of the skin damages its surface, destroys the coarsened cells, causing local bleeding. Through the formed wounds can penetrate pathogenic microbes and form abscesses. For cleaning, you can use peeling with an acid base: salicylic, glycolic or lactic.
Nutrition and hydration of the skin
After cleansing, the skin needs to be treated with lotion (Exfoliak is best suited), body milk (Ulyazh Keratozan 15) or 2% salicylic acid solution . After treatment, the skin should be lubricated with a nutritious cream that would prevent the appearance of dryness and flaking. Procedures with listed products must be done daily.
To eliminate irritation and prevent the spread of goosebump to large areas, it is possible to add milk or decoctions of medicinal herbs to the bath, such as celandine , chamomile, thyme, horse chestnut leaves or nettle. After a herbal bath is recommended to use a nourishing cream with anti-inflammatory effect. Such care allows to reduce manifestations of redness and spread it to healthy areas.
If the manifestation of the disease on the buttocks, thighs or forearm can be hidden under clothing, the hyperkeratosis of the facial skin can not be concealed. The difficulty of treating this disease is that all procedures for cleaning the follicles leave the irritation for several hours. To alleviate the condition of the epidermis, you should regularly make herbal masks or use ready-made facials for the face.
Apply face masks
Most girls suffering from hyperkeratosis prefer the enzyme mask Freeman, which includes an extract of anise, lactic and glycolic acid. And the citric and salicylic acid included in the cream-peeling Lumen make it possible to gently cleanse the skin of the face. Cosmetic means clean hair follicles from coarsened cells, soothe irritation and relieve it of black spots .
In an effort to get rid of an unpleasant disease, you should not get involved in peeling , because you can get the opposite effect. Constant mechanical irritation causes the epidermis to "take" protective measures, strenuously to form new keratinized cells, designed to protect the face from the effects of corrosive acids.
Avoid the sun
Those who suffer from hyperkeratosis should avoid sunlight, since sunburn stimulates the release of moisture from the body, the skin becomes dry and thin, quickly coarsens, it can form microcracks, through which blood and lymph leak. Bacteria that colonize the wound can form pustules, on the site of which, after healing, there are scars.
When dry skin is not recommended use of toilet soap. The best option is a gel with a moisturizing effect. If there are no inflamed areas, then you can use the scrub (not more than 2 times a week). After each intake of water procedures, the body should be lubricated with moisturizing milk.
People suffering from such a disease should remember that one should not remove, let alone squeeze out such pimples . To remove inflammation, it is necessary to conduct appropriate treatment, but only after consulting a dermatologist. In addition to medical procedures, you can take baths with clay or salt , which soften and dissolve the upper keratinized layer of the epidermis, dry pimples and soothe inflammation.