How to recognize a colloid scar: signs and causes of the disease, ways of treatment
The colloid scar is a neoplasm resulting from the proliferation of connective skin tissue in the form of a tumor. You need to start treating it as early as possible. Only in this case there is an opportunity to facilitate the patient's condition and complete cure. As with any other disease, serious and timely treatment is the guarantee of the most effective result.
Despite the fact that the problem of colloid scars has been studied by medical science for a long time, it was not possible to identify clear reasons for their occurrence. However, it is possible to indicate some generalized prerequisites, which can become the basis for the growth of skin tissues. There are keloids:
- Primary or spontaneous;
Primary scars occur for no apparent reason, and therefore are called spontaneous. Externally, the skin is no different, although long-term injuries can be well healed, but not cured to the end. Therefore, this name is very arbitrary. "Internal" causes of colloid scars can be hormonal disorders, especially from the genital system, hypofunction of the adrenal glands, pregnancy , chronic infectious diseases (in particular, tuberculosis). Their occurrence is often associated with a predisposition to seborrhea , in connection with the localization of them mainly in characteristic seborrheic sites: décolletage, neck, ear lobes, scapula, chin . There are results of medical observations that point to some genetic cause of the disease. This applies mainly to multiple keloids.
Secondary colloid scars are considered the development of posttraumatic complications or other skin problems. Often they develop in women with cosmetic problems. Especially dangerous, in this sense, is the unprofessional removal of warts. The prevalence of the disease in young people is estimated to be up to 30 years, which is also associated with age-related skin problems, as well as greater exposure of children and youth to injuries. In children and adolescents, keloids can affect almost any area of skin tissue.
Wound healing is a complex process that often lasts up to a year and a half and ends with the emergence of a stationary scar . If this process is disturbed by inflammation, suppuration, and a significant weakening of immunity, then the natural course of healing is disturbed. Doctors did not notice a single case of colloid scar formation two years after the injury. Usually, it develops in the first six months and only in 17% of cases in the first year after the injury. On the site of burns of varying degrees, a keloid occurs within 1-3 months. In the first stage of development they have the appearance of a rapidly growing growth, then remain in a stationary state in the form of a tumor of a certain size. The final stabilization of the disease occurs two years after the onset. Their characteristic feature is that they never ulcerate.
Symptoms of the disease
To be sure that the tumor on the skin is a keloid scar, it is necessary to take into account the characteristic signs of growth. It should be noted that any prolonged reddening of the skin that has arisen as a result of trauma, must be considered as a potential colloid scar. Especially it is dangerous, if seen its growth. The main signs of the disease are:
- Violet-red color over the scar.
- Painful sensations, especially when pressure is applied to it.
- Itching or burning.
- The increase in size, as a result of the growth of the edges of the rumen, their feature - clawlike bands, which penetrate into healthy skin.
Primary keloids, most often, have the form of asterisks, while secondary keloids are more linearly outlined, have a rounded or rectilinear shape.
As soon as these signs are seen, you should immediately consult a doctor. In no event is it possible:
- Burn the scar by self-liquid " Cleaner ";
- Extrude any formations in the lesion;
- Attend the solarium and stay in the sun for a long time;
- To visit baths and saunas;
- Massage or rub the scar.
Treatment of colloid scars is a complex and rather lengthy process. It is important for the patient to arm himself with patience and get treatment to the end, rather than stop at the healing stage, since after a while the sprouting can resume with renewed force.
Removal can be carried out as a traditional surgical method ("excision"), and the method of cryo- and laser therapy. Surgical removal is dangerous because, if the patient has a tendency to form keloids, then after surgery, a tumor can grow even larger.
Positive results were discovered as a result of the use of physiotherapy methods: Bucca rays, electrophoresis, magnetotherapy, and after physical therapy and special massage. Of the drugs used in the treatment of colloid scars, you can name dimexide , pyrogenic drugs, corticosteroids, which are injected internally.