All you need to know about molluscum contagiosum: ways of infection, symptoms, treatment
Contagious mollusc is classified as one of the forms of cutaneous dermatosis. Molluscs on the skin are considered a viral parasitic disease , which is characterized as a local eruption, and a general rash on the surface of the skin and mucous membranes, in the form of small spherical vesicles that have a central depression. It was first described by Beterman almost 200 years ago.
First, it is an infection that is chronic. Causing skin damage, the infection can last from several months to several years, but more often, rashes can be seen from six months to nine months.
Secondly, contagious dermatosis is a purely human disease, no animals tolerate it, and infection comes from contact (where from the name) of an already infected person with a healthy one.
Thirdly, the causative agent is a virus that belongs to smallpox viruses. Reproduction of the virus occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell. The shape is oval or rectangular.
Ways of infection
- Touching the skin, sexual partners transmit each other disease, but the sexual act itself is not a path of infection, therefore in many countries the molluscum contagiosum is not considered an infection transmitted sexually. In this situation, the area of infection is localized on the inner side of the hips, in the groin, on the stomach.
- The second way of infection is domestic. Using the things of a sick person you can get an infection, but in this case there will be no local rashes, and a rash can appear in any places, mostly it appears on the hands and face.
- Children's groups. Here, the determining factor is crowding and close contacts, which in turn can lead to an epidemic.
Symptoms of molluscum contagiosum
After infection, the incubation period can last from two weeks to a couple of months, and it is sometimes problematic to establish the source of infection. After the clinical manifestations in the form of single bubbles of spherical shape, without seals and skin changes, a gradual process of self-infection begins. The number of bubbles increases, and they increase in size, from a small millet grains to medium peas. As the disease progresses, the vesicles can merge, forming giant hemispherical papules with a depression in the center. It is the papules that are the main sign of the disease, and their localization indicates the place where the infection occurred. In adults, the genital area, the abdomen, the inner side of the thighs. Children - limbs, face, trunk. For papules it is characteristic:
- Dense, flesh-colored, have the form of a hemisphere and small sizes;
- The core is white, waxlike;
- With the passage of time, the papules soften.
After the first stage of infection and the appearance of the first bubbles, the second stage begins, when self-infection constantly occurs through the hands, so the bubbles cover most of the body in a chaotic order, and their number can be counted in hundreds. Permanent scratching increases the amount of rashes. By accidentally hitting or injuring a vial, a whitish, cough-like mass consisting of lymphocytes and keratinized cells is seen, in the form of mollusc bodies, from which the name appeared.
Existing symptoms of atypical forms of molluscum contagiosum may not show the concave form of nodules, and the nodules themselves are very small. Profuse form of the disease, as a rule, is observed in children suffering from leukemia, atopic dermatitis, immunodeficiency and HIV.
Data can be diagnosed by laboratory tests and the clinical picture of the disease. If there is any doubt in the diagnosis, the contents of the nodules are examined. Contagious mollusc must necessarily differentiate with warts, basalioma, chickenpox, syringoma, pustular syphilis, hydrocystoma, keratoacanthoma.
The skin clam, as a rule, is not treated. About half a year it will be necessary for a healthy organism to overcome the infection. This is what dermatovenerologists are accentuating, so as not to overload the body with medications. But to speed up recovery, the following treatment methods are used, which are selected individually for each patient:
- Cauterization or diathermocoagulation.
- Scraping or squeezing of knots with iodine treatment.
- Use of antiviral ointments.
- Abundant rashes and discharge of vesicles require treatment with antibiotics, which are prescribed by the doctor.
Treatment at home is dangerous
Treatment of a shellfish on the skin without an established diagnosis and at home is dangerous , and this is caused by:
- There is a danger of missing a serious skin disease, such as malignant or benign neoplasms on the skin;
- Certain forms of molluscum contagiosum occur in conjunction with AIDS, so in such cases special forms of treatment are required.
A molluscum contagiosum, like a virus that has DNA, causes difficulties in the treatment. The level of medicine, to date, it is not possible to completely get rid of the disease. But to avoid relapses is quite possible, despite the fact that this disease has a chronic form of flow. For this, it is necessary to regularly see a doctor and conduct a permanent therapy, which consists in general strengthening of immunity. With the right approach to treatment, it is possible to achieve a stable remission and a favorable prognosis.
Prevention of molluscum contagiosum is mainly to exclude the cause of the disease :
- Personal hygiene and hygiene of the home. At occurrence of the first signs, with the patient it is necessary to limit contacts, to allocate personal things of hygiene, daily to change the bed linen and bed linen.
- Visiting of baths, saunas and pools. Be sure after visiting the public baths and swimming pools, you need to carefully monitor the skin condition, and at the first suspicions, immediately consult a doctor!
- School and pre-school institutions. Kindergartens are especially dangerous, in the sense that the spread of the skin mollusk in children's groups occurs very quickly, covering almost the entire group. Therefore, the baby should be inspected regularly.
- Legibility in sexual relations.
Observing simple recommendations, you can almost completely protect yourself from molluscum contagiosum.