What is scrapie: the main symptoms and therapies
What are prurigo (prurigo)?
Symptoms and treatment of prurigo should be known to everyone who has ever faced this problem. Baby scratching
occurs in children from six months to 5 years with various allergic reactions. The disease is characterized by the appearance of small nodules, which have dimensions with a pinhead. On the surface of the pink-red nodule, a small nodule with transparent contents is often formed. In its base, very often there is a condensation and reddening in the form of a blister, accompanied by severe itching. Thus, small bubbles with transparent contents are very often combed by children. As a consequence, a chronic infection can develop in the form of an abscess. Nodding of nodules occurs periodically, as a rule, in the night period of time. They do not merge with each other. In addition to itching, fever, irritability and headache may increase.
Acutely prurient adults in most cases fall ill with middle-aged women after 30-40 years. It occurs against the background of the previous childhood pruritus or can develop independently. The most common cause of prurigo in adults is an increased viral load on the body with a decrease in immunity, gastrointestinal disorders , diabetes mellitus, a violation of diet , cancer and some common disorders of the body. Pochesu Beneu is characterized by the appearance on the trunk and extremities of larger, than in children nodules, which have a size of 2 to 5 mm. They are dense, hemispherical and not prone to fusion, have a pinkish or yellowish-brown color. As a rule, the disease is recurrent. After the period of remission, an outbreak of the disease is formed again. In most cases, its appearance is associated with viral load.
Nodular pruritis is a rare disease. He is most exposed to men older than 40 years. The size of the nodes is the largest of all types of disease - from 5 mm to 2 cm. The causes of the appearance of the disease are similar to prurigo adults. Nodular pruritis is characterized by the formation of large knots on the front surface of the shank and extensor surface of the forearm. They are not inclined to independent resolution. They are hemispherical, reddish or brown in color. The entire surface of the skin around the nodes is strongly combed and covered with bloody crusts. Treatment of senile pruritis is of a lasting nature.
Treatment of prurigo
Before treatment it is necessary to undergo a thorough diagnosis, because only in this case it is possible to promptly and correctly treat. The main thing in treatment is the elimination of the triggering factor in the development of the disease.
Breastfeeding or pregnant mother , as well as the child must necessarily pass a test for the presence of helminths in the body. Parasites, in particular ascarids, are the cause of allergies in the body. Chronic diseases such as sinusitis, otitis and tonsillitis increase the likelihood of allergies, so you need to treat them.
To cure pruritus in children, you should take antihistamines, neuroplegic and sedative medications. Among vitamins, ascorbic acid, vitamins A, B and R are especially useful. If a child has vagotonia, he needs to take calcium preparations. With long-term treatment without improvements, glucocorticoid drugs are prescribed in small doses with subsequent reduction. For external treatment, ointments and creams containing corticoids are used, as well as water-zinc bitters based on glycerin. In the presence of pustules should be opened and applied aniline paints, 1-2% solution of potassium permanganate or 5-10% solution of silver nitrate. If there are peels, then they are applied ointments "Geocorton" or "Locakorten". Patients must undergo ultraviolet irradiation sessions. The therapeutic effect gives rest on the sea coast.
Traditional methods of treatment
Celery has healing properties. It is necessary to take desirable fresh roots and finely chop at a ratio of 1 tablespoon per 250 ml of boiling water. After insisting for about half an hour, you can apply lotions. The remaining mixture should be mixed in a ratio of 1 to 3 with sunflower oil to produce an ointment that will reduce inflammation and itching.
Long time yarrow was used by doctors and healers to heal wounds with prurigo. To treat the disease should be its fresh leaves pour boiling water, after which the cold plant should be applied to inflamed places. If there is a dried yarrow, then you need a tablespoon of herbs to brew a glass of boiling water. To prepare a bath, you should increase the amount of grass to 50 gr. and accordingly pour it with 2 liters of water. After taking a bath you do not need to wipe yourself, and all the underwear needs to be changed.
Substances that are contained in wormwood, contributes to the disappearance of itching and the removal of redness. At scratching it is necessary to put her fresh juice on the affected skin areas. To treat the disease at any time of the year, you can make lotions from wormwood, fill 1 tablespoon of the plant with a glass of boiling water. For the preparation of baths the ratio of wormwood and boiling water is increased by 10 times.
The therapeutic possibilities of burdock are known for a long time and are widely used in medicine. To reduce painful sensations, it can be taken both internally and externally. The burdock leaves falls into boiling water, after which the face is fixed on the affected area of the skin. To prepare the broth, 1 teaspoon of root powder should be poured into 250 ml of boiling water and boiled, without boiling for about 10 minutes. The resulting tincture should drink 1/3 cup before eating. To prepare the ointment, mix the powder from the root of burdock with Vaseline in a ratio of 1 to 3 and apply it after taking a bath with a decoction of oak bark.
An important role in getting rid of pruritis is diet. 15 minutes prior to breastfeeding, it is necessary to give the child about 10-15 drops of the expressed milk in advance, in order to decrease the sensitivity to lure. Particularly useful are cottage cheese and carrot juice.
Children who already go to kindergartens and primary classes should consume enough fruits and greens. Inherent is the reception of fermented milk products, boiled beef and sunflower oil. It is necessary to limit the intake of salt and foods that contain many carbohydrates and fats.
If children suffer from diathesis, then their diet is based on the ratio of protein in food by such a system:
- Up to 3 months - 2-2.5 gr. for 1 kg of weight;
- From 3 months to 6 months - 3 gr. for 1 kg of weight;
- From 6 months -3,5-4 gr. for 1 kg of weight.
Consumption of lipids and carbohydrates should not exceed the norm. After the child is 1 year old, the amount of fat should be 6-7 g. for 1 kg of weight, and carbohydrates 12-14 gr. From the diet, it is necessary to exclude foods that exacerbate itching allergic dermatosis.
During pregnancy or breastfeeding, a woman should follow a diet. It is necessary to limit the intake of fish, meat, salt and citrus fruits. The diet should be rich in sour-milk products, vegetables, fruits and boiled beef.