How to treat vitiligo and what are the causes of its appearance?
It is impossible to say the reasons for the occurrence of vitiligo to name specific reasons. There are only approximate assumptions, which have some indirect confirmation. Precisely, we can say only one thing: changes in the skin arise from incorrect enzyme reactions, mostly reduced. Correct reactions contribute to the production of the necessary amount of melanin, and in case of illness its production is significantly impaired, the activity of tyrosinase is reduced. Also, in vitiligo patients with a negative reaction of DOPA, the quantitative norm of melanocytes is fixed without disturbances.
There are examples when the disease appeared in a person who has had viral hepatitis A or other liver diseases. In addition, vitiligo can provoke worms. It should be noted and hereditary factor, the risk of transmission of the disease from parents to children is high enough. In general, with vitiligo in children, at least one parent is already sick with pathology.
Vitiligo - a chronic disease and externally it is expressed in a pale pink or milky shade on the skin of a person. Gradually the spots become larger in size, the shape is usually oval. There is no unpleasant sensation of the external manifestation of the disease. Any part of the body can be covered with spots, but the arms, legs, and face are more affected. If the stain is located on the head, then the hair also changes color, becoming discolored.
The disease has a hereditary nature: it is known that the gene working on the development of the disease has an influence on the malfunctioning of the human immune system. Most often, vitiligo is accompanied by some other autoimmune disease. The appearance of the disease and its progression can be influenced by the following negative factors:
- chronic gastrointestinal diseases;
- various injuries;
- toxic reactions.
The disease can appear simultaneously with such ailments, as baldness, red flat lichen, and also psoriasis. In addition to external manifestations of the disease, it is difficult to notice a malfunction in the general condition of the patient. Spots may periodically become smaller or completely disappear, and then reappear. Doctors do not recommend such patients a lot and often be exposed to the sun. At the beginning of the disease on the skin gradually begin to show pink or white spots. Over time, they increase in size and take different forms. Then the spots can merge into one whole, forming foci of defeat. As a rule, spots are localized on unprotected skin areas: on the hands, neck, face.
It is noted that the spots "like" to be located symmetrically, but there can be lesions of one side. Often, patients can see the location of spots along the nerve trunks. Affected areas because of the lack of melanin cease to respond to external stimuli, especially to cold air. When depigmenting the entire skin of a person, we can talk about the maximum manifestation of the disease.
How to treat vitiligo
Treatment of vitiligo is not an easy task. After all, it is necessary not only to save the patient from stains on the body, it is necessary to treat the whole organism as a whole. The root of the disease lies in the failure of the production of melanotropic hormone. It is he who is responsible for the presence in the body of a pigment called melanin. The development of this hormone occurs in the pituitary gland.
Treatment for each patient should be individual, but in any case, it will take more than one month. The recovery is influenced by factors such as the environment in which the patient lives, his lifestyle and much more. There are cases when the disease goes on recession after several sessions. The main rule here is the refusal to stay in the sun for a long time, especially avoiding trips to hot countries.
Treatment consists in the use of special mixtures and ointments, as well as the intake of chemicals. Ointments contribute to enhancing the sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet light. Rub the mixture only in damaged areas of the skin. The most effective drugs are the following:
The basic principle is to force the human body to produce the necessary amount of melanin without the help of drugs. Another direction in the treatment of the disease is the use of ultraviolet irradiation and photochemotherapy (used in many areas of cosmetology). Usually, several sessions are assigned with certain time intervals. But among the set of modern methods of treatment there are also those that give a fairly fast result. This is a laser treatment , which is much more effective than photochemotherapy. This method has no side effects, and the components used include components such as vitamin C and copper. After all, patients have an acute shortage of these elements in the body. In addition, use is also made of such a method as the use of photosensitizing agents.
Features of nutrition
A patient with vitiligo should adhere to a special diet, since a special diet combined with traditional and alternative medicine will help the body to fight the disease more effectively. The metabolism should be correct to support the body in the process of treatment.
You should eat a lot of plant foods. Especially it should be mentioned cabbage, spinach, celery, parsley, bell pepper, lemons, apples, peaches, strawberries. Good influence on the patient has a decoction of dogrose. Every day you need to eat a few grams of figs, washing it with an ode. You can drink specially prepared juice from potatoes, carrots and parsnips (1: 1: 5).
Marine products, mushrooms, legumes contain a sufficient amount of copper in their composition, so they must also enter the diet of a patient with vitiligo. Sugar should be replaced with sweet fruits and berries, and such products as chocolate, coffee, alcohol, spicy, smoked and canned should be completely eliminated. Instead of black tea, you should drink green tea with mint or melissa.
Traditional methods of treatment
It is quite effective to combat vitiligo with the help of folk remedies. The most famous are the following:
St. John's Wort
Two spoons of dry products pour boiling water and insist. The resulting infusion filter and wring out. The broth should be rubbed into the skin, which does not have normal pigmentation. Repeat the procedure two or three times a day.
A few pieces to clean and pour alcohol, insist. The resulting tincture lubricate the damaged areas of the skin. The course lasts 2-3 months.
Root geranium (with burgundy flowers) pour a liter of boiling water, let it brew for several hours. The resulting broth can be added to the water during the bath. The course lasts two weeks.
With proper patience will help restore the skin its healthy color. Clay is mixed with ginger juice 1: 1, and then the resulting mixture is applied to diseased areas. Red clay is mined from the bottom of rivers. It contains a large amount of copper, the lack of which in the body is noted in patients with vitiligo. Ginger contributes to the flow of blood to the upper layers of the skin. Also, the water infused in copper vessels helps a lot.
If the disease struck the face, then the best national recipe for treatment is a decoction of parsley seeds. It is bred with lemon juice 1: 1 and rubbed into damaged areas.
Not bad coping with the improvement of melon pigmentation. The melon pulp needs to be wrung out and the infected juice to smear the affected skin.
It is possible to expect a good effect only with a comprehensive approach to solving the problem. This should be the treatment of chemical drugs, new developments in the field of aesthetic cosmetology, proper nutrition and the absence of negative external factors. Radical, but costly treatment of vitiligo is considered a surgical way - transplanting donor skin. But this method is used so far only in the West.