What you need to know before going to the dermatologist
Skin is an excellent indicator of the state of the whole organism. It acts as a protective barrier against the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms. However, each person faces dermatitis, acne (acne) or comedones. Such diseases change the aesthetic perception of a person from others and negatively affect his adaptation in society. If you notice a discoloration of the skin and its pigmentation, a rash that causes itching or burning, "spider veins", acne, pimples, dryness of the epidermis and its peeling, dermatologist's consultation is necessary.
What do you need to know before visiting a specialist?
There are a number of simple rules, observance of which will help the doctor put a preliminary diagnosis after the first admission. They include:
- Observance of personal hygiene - you need to take a shower, wash your hair, put on clean underwear, cut off your nails and clean your ears of sulfuric plugs.
- A week before consulting a doctor, it is recommended to exclude from the diet allergen products - citrus, sweet, carbonated and alcoholic beverages, chicken eggs.
- It is better to refuse from taking hormonal contraceptives, multivitamins and antidepressants 10-14 days before the doctor's visit.
After the dermatologist listens to the patient's complaints and conducts a primary examination, additional examinations, such as:
- general blood analysis;
- bacussis urine for the determination of sensitivity to antibiotics;
- allergic tests;
- pigmented screening;
- identification of the fungus;
- diagnosis of STIs, STDs.
Warts - common cosmetic defect
Warts are small tumor-like formations. They are not inflammatory in nature and absolutely painless. Their size, as a rule, does not exceed 1 cm. The main cause of their occurrence is human papillomavirus. It is transmitted by contact and sexually. Can be in the human body for several months and not behave yourself. However, when immunity decreases, it becomes more active. The main localization of warts is the back of the hand, the sole, face and scalp. Initially, the plantar wart resembles corn. Also distinguish juvenile (juvenile) papillomas. They are yellowish in color, slightly protruding above the level of the skin.
Considering the fact that it is impossible to completely cure the papillomavirus, modern methods of treatment come to the forefront. One of them is the removal of warts by a laser. The essence of the procedure is laser, focused exposure to the pathological focus. In this case, neighboring tissues are not exposed to the negative influence of the laser. The roots of warts die. Manipulation does not require much time (one papilloma takes up to three minutes) and special training. The procedure is carried out under local anesthesia. Since laser removal is considered a minimally invasive intervention, the rehabilitation period is not provided. The patient immediately returns to normal life. To consolidate the result, medication is required, which helps strengthen the immune system.
One of the ways of treatment is the burning of warts with liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction). Under the influence of low temperatures the tissue dies. Disadvantages of the method are soreness, prolonged recovery, scars and scars on the skin are possible.
In order to avoid such problems, one should be careful about your health - do not overcool, promptly treat infectious diseases, take vitamins and immuno-fortifying drugs.